Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Media Room



 Worldwide the trend in police development is tilted in favour of research based policing leading to respond to the challenges faced in the field.  Among other things it entails an organic connect of the people with the policing and facilitates applying the best practices even from other walks of life on to the policing domain.  Research would aim to identify the bottlenecks and snags that are bound to surface while enforcing order and applying legal and investigative processes, and suggest remedial response. The development of such an expertise to support police personnel across the country in regard to their day to day field level functions and strategies would be an apt role for the Sardar Vallabhbhai National Police Academy.  Thus, the research based knowledge shall form the basis for development of trained and skilled police manpower in the country.

 The mission statement of NPA, inter alia, states:

  The Academy will be a focal point for training of trainers of police training institutions all over the country, and will provide consultancy services to sister training institutions for improving their management of training function. The Academy will be a centre for research studies and will encourage and  support research on police subjects. It will expand its capacity for conduct of research through tie-ups with similar institutions in and outside the country.


Gore Committee on Police Training (1971) stressed the need for research facility in Police Training Institutions in the following words:

         “We have been struck by the total absence of any research facilities in our police training institutions.  The inevitable result has been that all police training is based on old ideas and practices and the limited experiences of individual members of the instructional staff even while conditions relating to and around police work have been changing fast.  In order that the police training institutions remain intellectually vibrant and upto date in their knowledge of police problems, research should be considered to be one of their basic functions”.

 For more than 4 decades after the Gore Committee’s recommendations, the establishing of a research facility even in the National Police Academy remains a dream.  The Academy with the vision of being global centre of excellence in police training cannot afford to  diverse training from research and consultancy functions. Strong research base provides updated knowledge and functional models of change.  Research in training domains facilities effective planning, delivery and evaluation of training efforts. The knowledge and the models of change if communicated to the trainees will bring out functional effectiveness in Police.   Through research projects in SVP NPA, it is proposed to establish organic linkages between training at NPA and field needs.


Eligibility & Research team structure


I)      Police Officers

 a)     Serving :    Police Officers with 10 years of service with 3 years of                               field experience.

 b)     Retired:      Police Officers who retired from the service in the rank of                           DIG and above.


II)     Academicians:

 Associate Professor / Professor level Academics from the areas of Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Criminology, History, Philosophy, Anthropology, Political Science, Training Methodology, Information & Communication Technology, Forensic Science, Forensic Medicine, Education and similar disciplines with research experience.

 III)   NPA Faculty:  

         Same criteria as depicted in I (a) above.

 IV)    Expert Practitioner/Trainer:

         With sufficient experience of imparting training in the relevant field.

 For quality output, the research studies pertaining to the fellowship scheme of the Academy will be undertaken by the teams rather than the individuals. The team composition may be any one of the following :-

         Team Composition -1 :

         Eligible Police Officer (serving / retired) and a faculty member of NPA.

         Team Composition -2 :    

 Eligible Police Officer(serving/retired) and an Academician Social/Behavioral as mentioned in para-II under the head ‘Eligibility & Research team structure’.

         Team composition - 3 :

         Expert practitioner / Trainer and a faculty member  of NPA.

         Team composition - 4 :

         Seasoned Academician and a faculty member of NPA.

         Team composition  - 5 :

 Expert practitioner / Trainer and eligible police officer (serving/retired)


Selection Procedure

 The Selection Committee, will comprise:

 Internal members:

 ·         Director.

 ·         Joint Director/Dy. Director.

 ·         Dy.Director(Research)/Astt.Director(Research)

 External members:

 ·         DG/Director(Research), BPR&D.

 ·         Seasoned Police Officer(Serving/Retired).

 ·         Eminent Professor from University or Training Institution.

 Aspiring candidates for the fellowship will be required to make a presentation on the research proposal before the ‘Selection Committee’.  The committee shall examine the proposed Research Project and also fix the duration for completion of research work.

 As per the recommendations of ‘Selection Committee’ the candidates will be required to amend the proposal in tandem with the NPA coordinator nominated/approved by NPA.


 The Duration of the Fellowship shall not ordinarily exceed one year. However, the period may be extended, where circumstances so demand, with the approval of NPA.

 Fellowship Amount

 The amount of the Fellowship grant will be decided by the Director NPA on case to case basis.         

Procedure for Research :

 a)   There will be a NPA coordinator.  The research fellows will be welcome to use the NPA facilities including Library and guest houses for the completion of the research study. 

 b)   After the approval of the research project and grant of the fellowship, the Research Fellows would be required to make the presentation:-

 It will highlight the main findings and the implications of the Research for enhancing the functional/academic base in Police.  An action plan will also be presented indicating the training implications of the findings of the research project.  During the presentation outside experts may also be present.

 c)   Research team will submit the details of expenditure to NPA for audit purpose.

 d)   The Director, NPA shall be authorized to suspend the payment of Fellowship amount if not satisfied by the progress of the Research Project.

 e)   The Research Fellows shall submit hard as well as soft copies of their thesis/dissertation to the Director, NPA.

 f)    Copy right of the research report will be with SVP NPA.

 g)   Any violation of the Rules will entail refund of the entire Fellowship Grant by the Fellow.

 h)   The decision of the Director, SVP National Police Academy will be final in case of any dispute.


 The Fellows, if they so desire, may register themselves with any recognized University for the award of M.Phil. or a Doctorate degrees.

 (i)   Police Data.

 Data collection, Sources, System analysis, Methodology, Presentation, Uses etc. May include work on big data, AI, measurement of crime, evidence based policing, data base creation for cyber crimes, criminals, organized gangs, missing children, innovations etc.

 (ii) Terrorism/ Insurgency (J&K, LWE, NE).

 Historical & Ideological perspective, Political basis, Documentation and analysis of literature, Case studies, Operations, strategy and tactics, alternative dispute redressal mechanisms, best practices, institutional memory, etc.

 (iii) Disaster Management.

 Pandemic management, first responder, rescue, infrastructure policy, skill sets, best practices, trauma training, documentation, learning methodology both for rescuers/first responders and public, case studies etc.                 

 (iv) Crime

 Reporting platforms, Investigation, investigative teams, economic crimes, organized crime, cyber crimes, crime against vulnerable sections, crimes against women & children, POCSO, JJ Act, missing children, domestic violence and other laws, crimes against senior citizens, scheduled castes and tribes, LGBTQ etc, communication with children and victims, multi-agency approach, narcotics and drugs, skills, scientific methodology, systems, prosecution, database creation and management, presentation of evidence, interviewing techniques, best practices, law, judgments, case studies, etc. Examples : Role of Power groups to prevent unprivileged from gaining equality- implications for Police, Police role in establishing the conditions for social growth and development. (Feeling of confidence and security among the minorities and the weaker sections resulting in lack of participation in National Development Effort). Role of Law Enforcement Officers when secular fabric is under threat. Active and purposeful participation of Police in national integration based on the principles of equality and secularism.Police understanding of  actual and potential delinquents, Criminology Content for different levels of hierarchy in Police, Strategies for improved police-citizen interface, Awareness Programme for Police on social and political situation in our country, Indepth Network Analysis of  Criminal Gangs, Custodial Violence- Extent and Remedial Measures, Simplifying the process of return and recovery of property by police to the rightful owner, Sensitisation protocols in the context of attitudinal & Behavioural changes, Police skills, Intelligence, Interrogation, Management of Scene of Crime.

 (v) Training

 Direct Training Skills, presentation, public speaking, design methodology, training need analysis, attitudinal training, adult learning principles, management of training, use of multiple modes while teaching including class room lectures, role play, gamification, case study, scenario based methods, field visits, evaluations, principles of outdoor training, injury free physical training, best practices, benchmarking, innovative and transformational programs, etc. Example Training Methodologyand Management of Trainingrelated research topics :Training Need Assessment Programme with regard to the following courses being run by the Academy. Mid Career Training Programmes Phase III, IV & V, Strategic programmes, Tactical Training Programme, Training of Trainers Courses, Cyber Courses, Investigation Courses, Forensic Courses, Gender/Juvenile/Geriatrics courses, Weaker sections/Dalits/Adivasis/Minorities programmes, Police Leadership at Police Station, Anti- Corruption strategies, Non lethal public order strategies, Soft skill and Image making programmes, Other thematic courses, Case files scrutiny. Action- Research, Transforming IPS Officers basic training into the Integrated Training Modules, Modalities for the creation of `Assessment –Centre for IPS-OTs, External Validation of Police Syllabi, E-learning Modules on very specific and important aspects of OTs training, Attitudes to training of police personnel, Identification and Prioritization of themes for - Writing case-studies, Develop simulated exercises, Structuring Role Playing exercises, Field visit. After this exercise developing the same material, Projects for the Development of Interactive learning in the following subjects - Law, Forensic Science, Investigation, Information Technology Comprehensive Post Training Evaluation Studies in respect of the following - IPS OTs basic training Phase I, II ( in every 3 years), Tactical Training, Mid Career Training Programmes (Phase III, IV & V), Sensitization aspects, Investigation, Police Station linkage of IPS Officers.

 (vi)   Law  and Order

 Riot management, riot gear and training, crowd management of different types and sizes, Management of public order, bandobast, documentation, security arrangements, use of multiple agencies in crises situation, elections, advances, best practices, benchmarks, guiding principles, case studies etc.

 (vii) Technology

 Emerging Technologies, identification of areas and proposed solutions, infrastructure, budget, usages, gaps, best practices, creation & management of databases, may include, drones, facial recognition technologies,         meta-verse, cryptocurrency and blockchain technologies, electric mobility, iot, driverless vehicles, automation, call centers, NAFIS, communication systems, protocols, bench markers, etc.

 (viii) Intelligence

 Radicalization, emerging threats, financial and other aspects, open source intelligence, tools of intelligence collection, methodologies, best practices, case studies, creation and maintenance of assets, intelligence gathering as a preventive tool for police, cost benefit analysis, alternative indicators of illegal activities etc.                                                               

 (ix) Social media, cybercrimes & Technologies

 Cryptocurrency & blockchain, cybercrimes, types, methodologies, historical perspective, gaps in security infrastructure, linkages with national security or disruption of law and order, gathering intelligence in the social space, police presence in social media, dark web, web protocols, digital evidence, challenges with emerging  technologies such as 5G rollout etc.

 (x) Tactics

 Lethal and No-Lethal tactics of police, procedure to be followed in various scenarios including arrest, handling of disturbed or violent persons, terrorist, insurgent attacks, trauma training, security infrastructure, basic principles to counter different types of security threats, skills sets required in different sorts of conflict zones, best practices, gaps in training, bench marking, etc.

  (xi) Forensics

 Crime scene units, mobile forensics, digital forensics, DNA analysis, crime scene photography, CCTV feed, standardization of protocols and practices, case studies, scenario based techniques, use of various forensic tools in investigation of various types of crimes including economic offences, social media forensics, emerging technologies and tools, best practices, case studies, specialized skills  ie post blast investigation, exhumation, database of forensic experts and labs etc across the country etc.

  (xii) Laws

 Historical perspectives, evolution, current scenario, judgments, implementation mechanisms, gaps, strengthening, possible amendments.

(xiii) Police Management

 Police station management, malkhana, children friendly & people friendly police stations, personnel management, promotion, training, human resources, welfare measures, manpower planning, infrastructure planning, provisions and stores, management of police assets, budgets, deployment, mobility, arms and ammunitions, police housing, digitization of records, best practices, case studies. Examples - Morale and efficiency of police personnel, Vulnerability of Police to political structure in the context of  legal, administration and organisational issues, Relook into organizational hierarchy – A restructuring exercise, Fire Arm Training Modules for Police Personnel, Models of Village Policing, Scientific temper and positive bias towards scientific aids to investigation, Domains of positive attitudes and sensitivity for police ,Personality Profiles of various ranks in police, Skill development and capacity building in civil police, Competency based job assignment, Reorganizing roles of different wings of District Police and re-profiling SHO of a police station, Use of Information Technology in Crime Mapping in Police Station, Growth of Para-military forces in India.  Reasons and consequences/after effect on, Police Leadership, Structure of forces, Increasing Cases of Resignations & Suicides/Fratricides in Para-Military Forces.  Factors Leading to the situations and recommendations to overcome the situation, Identification and bridging gap between field and Police Academies, Strategic Policing, Anti Corruption strategies, Empowering society through affirmative Police action, Victim/witness interface, Strategies against insurgents/extremists/militants, Police Accountability, Police station – organisation, leadership & initiative, Community Policing, Police Autonomy, Quality Police service, Police professionalism, Sexual Harassment at work place in Police.

  (xiv) Conflict Management

 Alternate dispute redressal mechanisms, local customs, historical perspective, best practices, documentation, gaps, possible pitfalls, preparation of standard operating procedures, case studies, provisions in the law, enabling legislation, rules, mechanisms, police response etc.

 (xv) Border Management

 Smuggling of drugs weapons etc, prevention of illegal activities, welfare and monitoring of population along border areas, costal security, infiltration, safety, security, fencing, riverine and costal borders, border haats and markets, latest technologies for border management ie drones, electric fencing, tunnel detection, thermal imaging, satellite imagery etc, best practices, case studies etc.



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